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Gun Battery

Guns and Howitzers

The terms gun and howitzer often confuse. Technically:

  • Guns have a single propellant charge and long range, and cannot fire in the upper register - an elevation angle greater than 45 degrees;
  • Howitzers have multiple charges and can usually fire in both upper register and lower register.

Traditionally, the UK designated guns by shell weight, 18-pdr Gun, and howitzers by calibre, 6-inch How. In World War II there were few modern true guns in field artillery (none being used by the UK apart from some residual 18-pdr), and the term gun-howitzer was sometimes used for those with multiple charges but firing only in the lower register. However, the term gun-howitzer never became widely accepted in UK.

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