PoW Camp Summary WW II
The following summary lists all the PoW Camps currently known to have been located in Scotland.
The intention is to find a location and status for each, map them, and create a more detailed page with any information found.
The same location reported with more than one Camp Number means two separate camps at the given location, or that the number was later reissued to another camp.
Each line may have one or two links. The first is for the site, and will open a marker at the camp's location on the map at the foot of the page. The second will jump to our page relating to the camp, if we have one.
Once the link to a marker is activated, the superscript Map jump can be used to jump down to the map. Clicking on the name in the open marker window will jump back the list.
|Camp Number - Name - Location||SeSco Page||Notes|
|2 Woodhouselee Camp, Milton Bridge, Midlothian. NT24096452 Map jump||Destroyed. The camp was located south east of Glencorse Barracks, and was a German working camp. The site of the barracks was used as a Napoleonic PoW camp. cf #780|
|3 Balhary Camp, Perthshire. NO26554645 Map jump||Destroyed. cf #63|
|6 Glenbranter Camp, Argyll. NS11159766 Map jump||Glenbranter Camp||Detroyed. Opened in the grounds of Glenbranter House (once the home of Sir Harry Lauder) in the 1930s as a Ministry of Labour Instructional Camp. In 1935 there was a walkout, followed by another in 1936, both over conditions. Became an Italian PoW Camp during World War II. In 1942 became HMS Pasco, Combined Ops, landing craft signals school providing training for minor landing craft signalmen. The house was demolished in the 1960s. There are no remains.|
|12 Donaldson`s Hospital, West Coates, Edinburgh, Midlothian. NT23547338 Map jump||cf #15|
|14 Doonfoot (Bun) Camp, Greenan Rd, Doonfoot, Ayr, Ayrshire. NS32031924 Map jump||Base Camp. Destroyed. cf #112 Scene of Britain's largest escape attempt, December 1944. Around 97 Italian PoWs tunnelled out of the camp, but were quickly recaptured.|
|15 Donaldson`s School, West Coates, Edinburgh, Midlothian. NT23547338 Map jump||The school buildings were sold in 2007. News reports tell of German PoW artefacts having been found during earlier repairs, and of ex PoWs visiting the school quite frequently. cf #12|
|16 Gosford Camp, Aberlady, near Longniddry, East Lothian - Base camp. NT45307826 Map jump||Three Nissen huts extant on private land.|
|19 Happenden Camp, Douglas, Lanarkshire - Base camp. NS85273335 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|19 Douglas Castle, Lanarkshire. NS85273335 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|21 Cultybraggan Camp, Comrie, Perthshire - Base camp. NN76851990 Map jump||Cultybraggan Camp||cf #242|
|22 Pennylands Camp, Cummnock, Ayrshire - Base camp. NS54102114 Map jump||Destroyed. Recorded by RCAHMS as Auchinleck.|
|24 Knapdale, Lochgilphead, Argyll. Cairnbaan/Letterdail, Argyll & Bute. NR82979063 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|34 Warebank Camp, Burray, Orkney. ND47809813 Map jump||Some remains left. Camp information from The Orcadian|
|60 Lamb Holm Camp, Orkney. HY48810061 Map jump||Chapel built by Italian prisoners survives. Camp and church information from The Orcadian RCAHMS entry, Camp 60|
|62 The Moor Camp, Thankerton, Lanarkshire. NS957382 Map jump||Base Camp. Destroyed- area now forested.|
|63 Balhary East Camp, Alyth, Perthshire. NO26554645 Map jump||Destroyed. (cf #3)|
|64 Castle Rankine Camp, Denny, Stirlingshire. NS79308190 Map jump||Destroyed, only one ablutions hut remains.|
|66 Calvine Camp, Blair Atholl, Perthshire. NN81806570 Map jump|
|67 Sandyhillock Camp, Craigellachie, Banffshire. NJ25654492 Map jump||Some huts remain in use as poultry farm.|
|68 Halmuir Farm Camp, Lockerbie, Dumfrieshire. NY12887910 Map jump||Some huts remained in 2006. Hut converted to camp chapel by Ukrainian PoWs remains. Interior decorated in authentic Ukrainian style.|
|75 Northhill Camp, Laurencekirk, Kincardineshire. NO7050074691 Map jump||Destroyed.. Now called North Hill Park housing estate|
|77 Aunsmuir Camp, Ladybank, Fife (cf Balbirnie, Springfield). NO31081155 Map jump||Destroyed, now a caravan site.|
|77 Balbirnie, Fife. Proposed: NO2900002001 Map jump||Now grounds of Balbirnie House Hotel, Markinch.|
|77 Springfield, Fife. Proposed: NO34441297 Map jump||Now farmland next to Stratheden Hospital, Cupar.|
|105 Inchdrewer House, Colinton Camp, Midlothian. NT21986921 Map jump||Now a residential care home.|
|109 Brahan Castle (Estate), Dingwall, Ross-shire. NH51775541 Map jump||Was situated about four miles south west of Dingwall, north of Inverness on the east coast. The castle was built by the Mackenzies in the 17th century, but was demolished in 1953. Originally built as a Training Camp for the Canadian Army, its timber huts housed first Italian, then German PoWs. A few buildings are reported to remain, but in poor condition. A nearby beech tree is said to have an Italian name followed by the letters PoW carved into it. Permission to visit the site must be requested from the owner, Brahan Estate, near Dingwall. Source|
|110 Stuartfield Camp, Mintlaw, Aberdeenshire. NJ97484490 Map jump||Used for displaced persons postwar. Some huts remain.|
|111 Deer Park Camp, Monymusk, Aberdeenshire. NJ68451555 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|112 Doonfoot (Bun) Camp, near Ayr, Ayrshire. NS32031924 Map jump||Destroyed. cf #14 Notable for December 1944, when 97 Italians escaped through a tunnel, but all were quickly recaptured.|
|112 Kingencleugh Camp, Mauchline, Ayrshire. NS503258 Map jump||Work Camp.|
|113 Holm Park Camp, Newton Stewart, Wigtownshire. NX41546558 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|120 Sunlaws Camp, Kelso, Roxburghshire. NT7051429518 Map jump||Work Camp. Now Roxburghe Hotel, Kelso.|
Former German war prisoner visits Kelso captivity site Retrieved July 31, 2013.
|123 Kirknewton, W Lothian. NT11466508 Map jump||Kirknewton|
|165 Watten Camp, Wick, Caithness - base camp. ND23855450 Map jump||Watten Camp||Destroyed.|
|182 Barony Camp, Parkgate, Dumfries - base camp. NY01858730 Map jump||Destroyed. cf #298|
On researching the Battle for Nancy, Lorraine region of France, September 5 to 15, 1944, 3rd Armed Brigade. Captured German soldiers of the 553 Division 1120 Grenadier Regiment were transported and housed at Camp 182, vetted then moved on to other working camps throughout Scotland, where many German PoWs decided to remain working as agricultural workers, miners etc. Later, in 1944, the 1120 Grenadier Regiment became a Volksregiment, made up of injured servicemen, fighting cooks, bakers etc, in an attempt to stop the Allied advance into Germany.
|188 Johnstone Castle Camp, Johnstone, Renfrewshire - base camp. NS43306240 Map jump||Lost under modern housing development. Camp comprised of corrugated iron huts initially used for Polish soldiers. Possibly not PoW camp until end of war. See the Formative Years in Johnstone, near Clydebank, during War story on the BBC's People's War site.|
|230 Stuckenduff Camp, Shandon, Dumbarton - base camp. NS25828577 Map jump||Stuckenduff Camp||Destroyed. |
Please note this refers to the camp only, not Duff House itself, a surviving grand Georgian estate house cared for by Historic Environment Scotland.
We've been told the house was briefly known as PoW Camp 5, housing mostly Naval PoWs. Attacked by a German Heinkel bomber on 22 July 1940, 6 PoWs and 2 British soldiers were killed and many more injured. After the attack the PoWs were quickly moved to English PoW Camp 2, Knutsford, Cheshire, before being transferred to Canada.
PoWs were held inside Duff House itself, including the East Wing which was demolished after the war due to the bomb damage. Following removal of the PoWs after the attack, various different regiments were stationed in the house for training purposes, including the Norwegian Brigade during 1941/2, and various Polish units from 1945 until August 1946.\\\
The golf course is and was completely separate and had no connection with the PoW camp.
|233 Findo Gask Camp, Dunning, Perthshire. NO01902094 Map jump||RAF Findo Gask||Destroyed. Former wartime airfield.|
|236 Ninewells Camp, Chirnside, Berwickshire. NT86295575 Map jump|
|242 Cowden Camp, Comrie, Perthshire. NN77592107 Map jump||Destroyed. Now Braco Rd housing estate. cf #21|
|243 Amisfield Park Camp, Haddington, East Lothian. NT52607400 Map jump||Destroyed, now Haddington Golf Course.|
|274 Errol Airfield Camp, Errol, Perthshire. NO27202427 Map jump||Former wartime airfield. Now an industrial estate.|
|275/275a Kinnell Camp, Friockheim, Arbroath, Angus. NO59924959 Map jump|
|293 Carronbridge Camp, Carronbridge, Dumfries. NX86179965 Map jump||Sewage plant remains.|
|298 Barony Camp, Parkgate, Dumfries). NY01858730 Map jump||Destroyed. cf #182|
|559 Abbeycraig Park, Causeway Head, Stirling. NS80869575 Map jump||Now a private residence.|
|571 ST2, Stranraer, Wigtownshire. NX07256072 Map jump||Possibly Ladies Walk Camp, London Rd. Destroyed. cf Sheuchan School, Stranraer.|
|582 Blairvadoch Camp, Rhu, Helensburgh, Dumbartonshire. NS26178517 Map jump||Some remains left.|
|593 Rob Roy Camp, Aberfoyle. NN53150015 Map jump||Now Rob Roy Motel|
|596 East Deanston, Doune. NN71390142 Map jump||Actually Deanston House, Deanston. Now a nursing home. Italian graffiti could still be seen carved into trees in the grounds in the 1980s.|
|612 Honduras Camp, Kirkpatrick Fleming, Dumfries. NY27806985 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|617 Dryffeholme Camp, Lockerbie, Dumfrieshire. NY10158175 Map jump||Base Camp in grounds of Halleath House. Sewage works survive.|
|625 Patterton||Hut bases remain. cf #660|
|640 Mansecroft Camp, Twynholm, Dumfries & Galloway. NX66835422 Mapájump||Destroyed, now housing estate. Camp was used postwar for Polish refugees. cf Isle House Stables, Kirkcudbright. English Heritage lists Camp #640 as 'St. Andrew's Church Hall, Kirkcudbright', but no record of that building ever being used to billet PoWs.|
|641 Earls Cross House Camp, Dornoch, Sutherland. NH80369023 Map jump||Working Camp.|
|660 Patterton Camp, Thornliebank, Renfrewshire. NS53905830 Map jump||Hut bases apparently survive there in 2007. See the responses this PoW Forum Enquiry|
Listed as World War II Prisoner-of-war camp 660, though this refers to a German Working Company rather than the camp. The camp housed both Italian and German prisoners. Following the war the camp was occupied by the Polish Resettlement Corps until 1949, the buildings remaining intact until at least 1960. Surviving remains include up to 71 hut bases, many badly damaged by tree growth and one or two other unidentified structures. Camp occupied by squatters from time to time until the buildings were removed in 1960. cf #625
|660 Deaconsbank, E Renfrewshire. NS53705820 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|661 Leffnol Camp, Cairnryan, Dumfries & Galloway NX07956607 Mapájump||Hut bases remain.|
|780 Milton Bridge Camp, Midlothian. NT20496452 Map jump||Destroyed. cf #2|
|1013 Deer Park Camp, Dalkeith, Midlothian - (cf #1024). NT34006840 Map jump||Destroyed. Now Dalkeith Country Park.|
|1024 Deer Park Camp, Dalkeith, Midlothian - (cf #1013). NT34006840 Map jump||Destroyed. Now Dalkeith Country Park.|
|Scottish Camps not listed in the Original Source linked below|
|Hampden Park Football Stadium, Glasgow.||Scottish Command holding cage. Extant.|
|Brucklay, Aberdeenshire. NJ913501 Map jump||Hut bases remain.|
|Kinlochleven, Argyll & Bute. NN20656070 Mapájump||Destroyed.|
|Methven Airfield/Loanleven. Perth & Kinross. NO055255 Mapájump||Former wartime satellite airfield. Some buildings remain.|
|Lathockar House,Fife. NO48921088 Map jump|
|Tealing Airfield Angus. NO40423717 Map jump||PoW accommodation. Destroyed.|
|Kirkton camp, former RAF station, possibly SLG.||The Northern Times, Mr D Stewart, 7 Moray Drive, Balloch, Inverness. April 10, 2008.|
Sir ľ Further to your previous correspondence regarding the RAF camp at Kirkton Farm, after the RAF left Kirkton the camp lay empty for a short period and then became a prisoner of war camp for Italian POWs.
After that, German POWs occupied the camp and many of them worked on farms in the area. Several of the German POWs remained in the area after the war, in fact the entire Golspie football team half back line were former POWs, namely Arnold, Bruno and Gustav.
Arnold and Bruno eventually returned home but Gustav married a Golspie lass, Chrissie Macdonald. Sadly Chrissie and Gustav are deceased but their children live in Golspie.
|Bonnytown, Dunino, Fife. NO54521245 Map jump||Italian working camp. Destroyed.|
|Cairnbaan/Letterdail, Argyll & Bute. NR82979063 Mapájump||Identified as #24 Knapedale. Destroyed.|
|Capeldrae, Westfield, Ballingry, Fife. NT19639777 Map jump||Possibly former Bevin Boy camp.|
|Leucahtsbeath Cottages, Cowdenbeath. NT16379277 Map jump||Possibly former Bevin Boy camp. Destroyed.|
|Mortonhall, Edinburgh. NT25856808 Map jump||Displaced persons camp postwar. Hut bases remain.|
|Duddingston House, Edinburgh. NT28607270 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|Stobs Camp, Hawick, Borders. NT49920943 Map jump||Stobs Camp||Destroyed.|
|Leet Water, Coldstream, Borders. NT83603970 Map jump||Destroyed, now a golf course.|
|Rockworks Camp, Rerwick Head, Orkney. HY53801162 Map jump||Destroyed.|
|Duff House, Banff. NJ69066331 Map jump||Destroyed, now Duff House Royal Golf Course.|
|Isles House Stables, Kircudbright, Dumfries & Galloway NX6742049428 Mapájump||Housed low-risk Italian internees in early part of war. cf #640|
|Golf Rd, Dornoch NH79978951 Map jump||Destroyed. Possibly associated with Camp #641 Earl's Cross|
|Sheuchan School, Stranraer||School closed 1938, ARP stores during the war, then PoW transit camp. Destroyed. cf #571|
|Culreoch Camp, Stranraer. NX06915829 Map jump||Housed Italians postwar. Former AA battery astride A71. RCAHMS entry, Culreoch AA battery|
|Tullos Hill, Aberdeen. NJ95650339 Map jump||Destroyed. Former Peterseat AA Battery, used for German PoWs postwar. RCAHMS entry, Tullos Hill|
|Peterculter Camp, Coronation Road, Aberdeen.||Destroyed. No trace found.|
|Hayton Camp, Hayton Road, Aberdeen. NJ93250900 Map jump||Destroyed. RCAHMS entry, Hayton Road|
|Rickarton Camp, near Stonehaven, Kincardineshire.||Demolished and now houses.|
|Maidens/Kirkoswald camp. NS216078 Map jump||Now Redgates caravan park, Kirkoswald Rd, Maidens.|
- Prisoner of War Camps (1939 ľ 1948), English Heritage, 2003.
- UK PoW Camps: 1 to 100
- UK PoW Camps: 101 to 250
- UK PoW Camps: 251 to 500
- UK PoW Camps: 501 to 1045
- WW2 Talk Forum: PoW section
Following is for entire UK not just Scotland.
Also note that the Google Fusion links all now appear to be dead - this seems to date from 2010, and seems to have been removed.
I have scraped out the raw data text from the web page.
- Every prisoner of war camp in the UK mapped and listed | News | theguardian.com Retrieved 11 February 2017.
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