Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit
The Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit (NOFU) was active between 1939 and 1945. The unit was created on November 17, 1939, when a radio announcement was made by the Canadian Commissioner for Natural Resources, appealing for volunteer loggers to work in Great Britain.
Overseas supplies of raw timber became severely restricted during World War II, as the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) attempted to isolate the British Isles by disrupting the convoys bringing essential supplies by sea, forcing the country to try and satisfy demands for material such as timber from local resources. However, this problem was not restricted only to material resources at that time, as labour was also in short supply, since most of the men had been conscripted into the Armed Forces. This shortfall in labour was addressed in part by calling on overseas assistance from Canada, and locally, by the creation of the lumberjills, female volunteers recruited to work in forestry.
Records indicate that NOFU recruited approximately 3,680 men.
The men were paid $2.00 per day, or $12.00 week, from which a compulsory deduction of $1.00 per day was made and forwarded to their families in Newfoundland. Although the men who answered the call were provided with transport, accommodation, and medical services as part of the deal, personal needs, such as clothing, were their own responsibility, for which they had to make their own arrangements.
Although there appear to be no remains, the picture at the top of the page is said to show the area where Camp 27, Baillieward, would have been located.
Camp 49, Glenmuick, has also been identified in Ballater, at Dalmochie in Pannanich Wood. The Ballater Historic Forestry Project was announced in 2005, with the aim of reconstructing the camp on its original site, where the concrete bases of the huts and stoves lie in the forest.
Transport to Great Britain had to be arranged at short notice, and was provided by independent shipping companies, and the men were carried on a number of vessels.
Sixteen NOFU members are reported to have lost their lives in the sinking of HMS Hood. In May 1941, Hood had been despatched along with HMS Prince of Wales and ordered to intercept the German battleship Bismarck, which was en route to attack convoys in the Atlantic. On May 24, in the Battle of the Denmark Strait, Hood was destroyed in an explosion that broke her back, splitting the battlecruiser into two pieces, and sinking her in less than three minutes. Of 1,418 crew, only three survived.
|1||Golspie||1942 to 1946||Sutherland (A9 North)|
|2||Dounie Hill||1941 to 1945||Sawmill. Edderton, Ross-shire, between Tain & Dornoch on A836|
|3||Lamington Park||1944 to 1945||By Invergordon, Ross-shire|
|4||Novar 1||1940 to 1943||By Alness on the A9 north of Dingwall|
|5||Novar 2||1942 to 1945||A832 Black Isle, Ross-shire|
|6||Rosemarkie 1||1940 to 1942||A832 Black Isle, Ross-shire|
|7||Rosemarkie 2||1941 to 1943|
|8||Fairburn||1940 to 1945||Sawmill. Aultgowrie, by Marybank, Ross-shire|
|9||Leckmelm||1943 to 1946||A835 east of Ullapool Wester Ross|
|10||Kinlochewe||1943 to 1946||A832 to west coast from Dingwall, Ross-shire|
|11||Achanalt 1||1941 to 1944||A832 to west coast from Dingwall, Ross-shire|
|12||Achanalt 2||1941 to 1944|
|13||Achnasheen||1942 to 1944||A832 to west coast from Dingwall, Ross-shire|
|14||Achnashellach||1943 to 1946||A890 to Strathcarron & Kyle of Lachalsh|
|15||Whitebridge||1943 to 1946||Sawmill. B862 southwest of Inverness|
|16||Daviot||1940 to 1941||A9 south of Inverness|
|17||Dalcross||1940 to 1941||B9039 east of Inverness (Inverness Airport)|
|18||Moy 1||1940 to 1942||A9 south of Inverness|
|19||Moy 2||1941 to 1945|
|20||Carrbridge 1||1940 to 1941||B9153 off A9 south of Inverness|
|21||Carrbridge 2||1940 to 1942|
|22||Duthil||1942 to 1946||A938 east of Carrbridge, Inverness-shire|
|23||Deshar||1942 to 1946||B970 north of Aviemore, by Boat of Garten|
|24||Aucherach||1940 to 1942||Inverness-shire (by Grantown)|
|25||Grantown||1940 to 1943||Sawmill. A938 Inverness-shire|
|26||Ravack||1942 to 1945|
|27||Ballieward||1940 to 1942|
|28||Ballinlag||1942 to 1945|
|29||Forest Lodge||1942 to 1945|
|30||Cromdale||1943 to 1946||A95 east of Grantown|
|31||Advie||1940 to 1942||A95 east of Carrbridge, Inverness-shire|
|32||Ballindalloch||1940 to 1941|
|33||Kinveachy 9||1943 to 1946||by Carrbridge Boat of Garten|
|34||Kinveachy 10||1943 to 1946|
|35||Kinveachy 11||1943 to 1946|
|36||Insh||1940 to 1941||A9 south of Aviemore|
|37||Feshie Bridge||1941 to 1945||Sawmill. B970 (off A9) south of Aviemore|
|38||Advie||1940 to 1945||A95 east of Grantown|
|39||Laggan 1||1940 to 1943||A86 west of Kingussie, Inverness-shire|
|40||Laggan 2||1940 to 1943|
|41||Laggan||1940 to 1945||Sawmill.|
|42||Laggan 4||1941 to 1945|
|43||Laggan 5||1941 to 1945|
|44||Laggan 6||1941 to 1946|
|45||Ardnashaig||1940 to 1942|
|46||Glenlonan||1940 to 1942|
|47||Portalloch||1940 to 1942|
|48||Knapdale||1940 to 1942||B841 west of Lochgilphead Argyllshire|
|49||Glenmuick||1940 to 1943|
|50||Invercauldy||1940 to 1942|
|51||Kildrummy||1940 to 1941||A97 off A944 west of Aberdeen|
|52||John's Cairn||1940 to 1941|
|53||Taymount||1940 to 1941|
|54||Cortachy||1942 to 1945|
|55||Balvaird||1940 to 1942|
|56||Strathconon||1940 to 1941||A832 west of Muir-of-Ord, Ross-shire|
|57||Rosebery||1940 to 1942|
|58||Castle O'er||1940 to 1942|
|59||Eweswater||1939 to 1941|
|60||Bowhill||1940 to 1941||B7039 west of Galashiels|
|61||Abbe St. Bathans||1939 to 1941|
|62||Plashetts||1939 to 1941|
|63||Lyndhurst||1939 to 1941|
|64||Scardale||1939 to 1941|
|65||Reedsdale||1940 to 1942|
|66||Thurston||1940 to 1942|
|67||Larrison||1940 to 1942|
|68||Harelawpike||1940 to 1942|
|69||Milton||1940 to 1942||Dumfriess & Galloway off A747|
Although we had been trawling for information that identified the camps, and collating this, we were not having the greatest of success until we came across what appeared to be complete listing, which we used to compile the table above, and credit for the additional material - the dates and locations - is due to the source, a web site dedicated to those who served with NOFU.
The site contains a wealth of information about NOFU, together with stories and photographs of the unit's history.
However, it is hosted on a sub-domain below a business site, rather than its own, and does not seem to have been updated since 2007.
|Headquarters||Edinburgh||1939 to 1946|
|District 'E'||Ballater||1940 to 1942|
|District 'A'||Muir-of Ord, Ross-shire||1940 to 1946|
|District 'F'||Oban||1940 to 1942|
|District 'B'||Carrbridge, Inverness-shire||1940 to 1946|
|District 'G'||Galashiels||1940 to 1943|
|District 'C'||Kingussie, Inverness-shire||1940 to 1946|
|District 'H'||Kershopefoot||1939 to 1942|
|District 'D'||Perth, Perth-shire||1940 to 1942|
|Carrbridge Headquarters||Carrbridge, Inverness-shire||1941 to 1946|
- They Also Served, Tom Curran, Jesperson Press of St John's, 1987.
3 ⇑ Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit in Scotland 1939-1945 WWII. NOFU members and information. Retrieved May 04, 2011.
4 ⇑ Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit in Scotland 1939-1945 WWII. NOFU members and information. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
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