AA Battery Primrose Farm
A World War II anti-aircraft battery was sited to the north west of Rosyth, on the north side of Primrose Road. Site number RNG2. Part of the Forth AA Defences, the battery was known as Primrose Farm, or Primrose.
The battery was equipped with four emplacements, although this was later increased to six, with three magazines, and an accommodation camp. GL Radar Mk II was installed between 1942 and 1943, with a concrete ramp and platform installed for the mobile equipment. Reports indicate the battery was armed with four 3.7-inch guns in 1942, in the usual arc formation on the north side of the road. Two further 3.7-inch guns are reported, in emplacements positioned south of the road, and west of a field boundary, as seen in aerial photographs taken by the RAF in 1946. Public records show the guns were still present in 1945, but had been removed by 1946. The battery was designated 229 then 541, and formed part of 158 Regiment and 36 Brigade.
The battery has been demolished with no reports of any remains relating to the main structures, although the ramp and platform for the GL Radar survive in a field to the north of an uncultivated area of land adjacent to Primrose Road. Ploughing has removed any other ground evidence in the fields. The uncultivated area of land may have been the site of the accommodation camp, and still contains some unidentified structural remains around the area of Primrose Cottage, which is residential.
The following personal note was received:
This camp was still used for training Army cadets. I have fond memories of this camp between 1977 and 1981. If memory recalls, it was shut down in 1982. I attended the last dinner, by this time I was a serving member of Her Majesty forces, I joined the Royal Navy. I was invited along to the dinner to help. It was emotional.
- Ernie Nicholson.
A visit to the site in 1992 appeared to find the remains of the control room at the east end of the field, although the roof was only just at ground level. There were also several chasms at various points in the field where subsidence had caused the earth to fall into a buried structure, which was assumed to have been the crew shelters.
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